The territory that extends from the extreme limits of the Roman countryside to Cassino and from the Monti Ernici to the Tyrrhenian coast, is generally called "CIOCIARIA". The word CIOCIARIA derives from "CIOCIA", that is a particular leather shoe used by the locals in the past. This territory has some characteristics that have made it famous all over Italy: a healthy and geomorphologically diverse environment, featuring very important archaeological sites and an extensive folklore history. About halfway between Rome and Naples, in the province of Frosinone, lies San Giovanni Incarico, 200 metres above sea level and immersed in the green area of the Liri River Valley. The town has about 3800 inhabitants and in the Middle Ages it was an important strategic centre for both trade and defense.